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|Title:||Robust and durable polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-based anti-reflective nanostructures with broadband quasi-omnidirectional properties|
|Citation:||Raut, H.K., Dinachali, S.S., He, A.Y., Ganesh, V.A., Saifullah, M.S.M., Law, J., Ramakrishna, S. (2013-06). Robust and durable polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-based anti-reflective nanostructures with broadband quasi-omnidirectional properties. Energy and Environmental Science 6 (6) : 1929-1937. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3ee24037a|
|Abstract:||Polymer-based anti-reflective coatings (ARCs) on glass pose major challenges for outdoor photovoltaic applications due to their incompatible mechanical and thermal properties. Here we demonstrate durable, chemically and thermally stable polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-based (POSS) anti-reflective moth's eye nanostructures on glass fabricated by double-side nanoimprint lithography. These anti-reflective nanostructures exhibited excellent broadband and quasi-omnidirectional anti-reflective properties. An optimum resist composition for nanoimprinting was obtained by mixing a methacryl POSS cage mixture with 1,6-hexanediol diacrylate in a 1:12 molar ratio. Thermal free radical co-polymerization during nanoimprint lithography produced a uniform array of moth's eye nanostructures on both sides of a glass substrate with yields ∼90 to 100%. The transmittance of the resulting glass was enhanced to 98.2% (reflectance 1.26%) with excellent quasi-omnidirectional transmittance observed from -50° to +50° of angles of incidence. Furthermore, a series of ASTM-based tests on the imprinted ARC structures showed strong adherence to glass, better hardness and mechanical strength with superior chemical and thermal stability, thus suggesting their strong potential for commercial applications. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.|
|Source Title:||Energy and Environmental Science|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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