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Title: Investigation of the biomechanical effect of variable stiffness shoe on external knee adduction moment in various dynamic exercises
Authors: Teoh, J.C.
Low, J.H.
Lim, Y.B.
Shim, V.P.W. 
Park, J.
Park, S.-B.
Park, S.J.
Lee, T. 
Keywords: External knee adduction moment (EKAM)
Knee osteoarthritis (OA)
Variable stiffness shoe (VSS)
Issue Date: 17-Sep-2013
Citation: Teoh, J.C., Low, J.H., Lim, Y.B., Shim, V.P.W., Park, J., Park, S.-B., Park, S.J., Lee, T. (2013-09-17). Investigation of the biomechanical effect of variable stiffness shoe on external knee adduction moment in various dynamic exercises. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 6 (1) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Background: The growing ageing population and high prevalence of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in athletes across nations have created a strong demand for improved non-invasive therapeutic alternatives for knee OA. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of the variable stiffness shoe (VSS), a new non-invasive therapeutic approach, on external knee adduction moment (EKAM) in various dynamic exercises. EKAM is believed to have positive correlation with the progression and development of knee OA.Methods: Thirty young participants (16 male and 14 female; age 22.6 ± 1.9 years) from National University of Singapore were enrolled in this study. The tested activities were walking, running, drop-landing, and lateral hopping. All the dynamic exercises were recorded simultaneously by the 8-camera VICON Motion Systems (Oxford Metric, UK) with a sampling rate of 100 Hz.Results: The results showed that the EKAM was reduced in all the dynamic exercises with the use of VSS. The VSS produced significant reductions in the peak EKAM during walking (4.97%, p = 0.039), running (11.15%, p = 0.011), drop-landing (11.18%, p = 0.038) and lateral hopping (17.34%, p = 0.023) as compared to the control shoe.Conclusions: The reduction of EKAM with the use of VSS in various dynamic exercises demonstrates its potential in delaying the onset and the progression of knee OA in early stage of knee OA patients. © 2013 Teoh et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Source Title: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
ISSN: 17571146
DOI: 10.1186/1757-1146-6-39
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