Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7359-9
Title: Biocompatibility evaluation of protein-incorporated electrospun polyurethane-based scaffolds with smooth muscle cells for vascular tissue engineering
Authors: Jia, L.
Prabhakaran, M.P. 
Qin, X.
Kai, D.
Ramakrishna, S. 
Issue Date: Aug-2013
Source: Jia, L., Prabhakaran, M.P., Qin, X., Kai, D., Ramakrishna, S. (2013-08). Biocompatibility evaluation of protein-incorporated electrospun polyurethane-based scaffolds with smooth muscle cells for vascular tissue engineering. Journal of Materials Science 48 (15) : 5113-5124. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-013-7359-9
Abstract: Nanotechnology has enabled the engineering of a variety of materials to meet the current challenges and needs in vascular tissue regeneration. In this study, four different kinds of native proteins namely collagen, gelatin, fibrinogen, and bovine serum albumin were incorporated with polyurethane (PU) and electropsun to obtain composite PU/protein nanofibers. SEM studies showed that the fiber diameters of PU/protein scaffolds ranged from 245 to 273 nm, mimicking the nanoscale dimensions of native ECM. Human aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs) were cultured on the electrospun nanofibers, and the ability of the cells to proliferate on different scaffolds was evaluated via a cell proliferation assay. Cell proliferation on PU/Coll nanofibers was found the highest compared to other electrospun scaffolds and it was 42 % higher than the proliferation on PU/Fib nanofibers after 12 days of cell culture. The cell-biomaterial interaction studies by SEM confirmed that SMCs adhered to PU/Coll and PU/Gel nanofibers, with high cell substrate coverage, and both the scaffolds promoted cell alignment. The functionality of the cells was further demonstrated by immunocytochemical analysis, where the SMCs on PU/Coll and PU/Gel nanofibers expressed higher density of SMC proteins such as alpha smooth muscle actin and smooth muscle myosin heavy chain. Cells expressed biological markers of SMCs including aligned spindle-like morphology on both PU/Coll and PU/Gel with actin filament organizations, better than PU/Fib and PU/BSA scaffolds. Our studies demonstrate the potential of randomly oriented elastomeric composite scaffolds for engineering of vascular tissues causing cell alignment. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Source Title: Journal of Materials Science
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/59629
ISSN: 00222461
DOI: 10.1007/s10853-013-7359-9
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

19
checked on Dec 13, 2017

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

18
checked on Nov 16, 2017

Page view(s)

58
checked on Dec 10, 2017

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.