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Title: Analytical model to determine the critical feed per edge for ductilebrittle transition in milling process of brittle materials
Authors: Arif, M.
Rahman, M. 
Yoke San, W. 
Keywords: Ductile machining
Glass machining
Ultra-precision machining
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Citation: Arif, M., Rahman, M., Yoke San, W. (2011-03). Analytical model to determine the critical feed per edge for ductilebrittle transition in milling process of brittle materials. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture 51 (3) : 170-181. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Brittle materials like glass are considered difficult-to-machine because of their high tendency towards brittle fracture during machining. The technological challenge in machining such brittle materials is to achieve material removal by plastic deformation rather than characteristic brittle fracture. In ductile mode machining, the material is removed predominantly by plastic deformation and any cracks produced due to possible fracture in the cutting zone are prevented from extending into the machined surface. This is achieved by selecting an appropriate cutting tool and suitable machining parameters. In ductile machining by milling process, fracture induced cracks are diverted away from final machined surface by selecting a suitable feed per edge less than a critical threshold value. Hence determination of critical feed per edge is of paramount importance to achieve ductile mode machining by milling process. This paper presents an analytical model based on fracture mechanics principles to predict the critical feed per edge in milling process of glass. The size and orientation of cracks originating from brittle fracture during machining have been quantified by using indentation test results and the critical value of feed per edge has been determined analytically as a function of intrinsic materials properties governing brittle fracture and plastic deformation. Furthermore, an equivalent tool included angle has been suggested for machining operation as against the indenter included angle to correlate the indentation and machining test results with improved degree of accuracy. Experimental results validated the proposed model fairly accurately. It has been established that if the longest cracks oriented in radial direction to the cutting edge trajectory are prevented from reaching the final machined surface by selecting a feed per edge less than or equal to a critical value, a crack-free machined surface can be achieved. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Source Title: International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
ISSN: 08906955
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmachtools.2010.12.003
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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