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|Title:||Numerical studies of fluid flow through tubes with double constrictions|
|Source:||Lee, T.S. (1990-12). Numerical studies of fluid flow through tubes with double constrictions. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids 11 (8) : 1113-1126. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||The flow fields in the neighbourhood of double constrictions in a circular cylindrical tube were studied numerically. The effects on the streamline, velocity and vorticity distributions as the flow passes through the constrictions in the tube were studied in the Reynolds number range 5-200. Double constrictions with dimensionless spacing ratios of 1, 2, 3 and ∞ were studied for a 50% constriction. It is noted that when the Reynolds number is below 10, no recirculation region is formed in the above constricted flow. For Reynolds numbers greater than 10, a recirculation region forms downstream of each of the constrictions. For constriction spacing ratios of 1, 2, and 3, when the Reynolds number is high, a recirculation region spreads between the valley of the constrictions. The recirculation region formed between the two constrictions has a diminishing effect on the generation of wall vorticity near the second constriction area. In general, the peak value of wall vorticity is found slightly upstream of each of the constrictions. When the Reynolds number is increased, the peak wall vorticity value increases and its location is moved upstream. Maximum wall vorticity generated by the first constriction is found to be always greater than the maximum wall vorticity generated by the second constriction. The extent of this spreading of the recirculation region from the first constriction and its effects on the second constriction depend on the constriction spacing ratio and the flow Reynolds number.|
|Source Title:||International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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