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Title: Hand posture and face recognition using a fuzzy-rough approach
Authors: Kumar, P.P.
Vadakkepat, P. 
Loh, A.P. 
Keywords: biologically inspired vision
computer vision
face recognition
feature selection
fuzzy-rough sets
Hand posture recognition
humanrobot interaction
Issue Date: Sep-2010
Source: Kumar, P.P., Vadakkepat, P., Loh, A.P. (2010-09). Hand posture and face recognition using a fuzzy-rough approach. International Journal of Humanoid Robotics 7 (3) : 331-356. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Related Datasets: 10635/137241
Abstract: A novel algorithm based on fuzzy-rough sets is proposed for the recognition of hand postures and face. Features of the image are extracted using the computational model of the ventral stream of visual cortex. The recognition algorithm translates each quantitative value of the feature into fuzzy sets of linguistic terms using membership functions. The membership functions are formed by the fuzzy partitioning of the feature space into fuzzy equivalence classes, using the feature cluster centers generated by the subtractive clustering technique. A rule base generated from the lower and upper approximations of the fuzzy equivalence classes classifies the images through a voting process. Using genetic algorithm, the number of features required for classification is reduced by identifying the predictive image features. The margin of classification, which is a measure of the discriminative power of the classifier, is used to ensure the quality of classification process. The fitness function suggested assists in the feature selection process without compromising on the classification accuracy and margin. The proposed algorithm is tested using two hand posture and three face datasets. The algorithm provided good classification accuracy, at a less computational effort. The selection of relevant features further reduced the computational costs of both feature extraction and classification algorithms, which makes it suitable for real-time applications. The performance of the proposed algorithm is compared with that of support vector machines. © 2010 World Scientific Publishing Company.
Source Title: International Journal of Humanoid Robotics
ISSN: 02198436
DOI: 10.1142/S0219843610002180
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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