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Title: Structural and magnetic characterization of soft-magnetic FeCo alloy nanoparticles
Authors: Gao, X. 
Tan, S.C. 
Wee, A.T.S. 
Wu, J. 
Kong, L. 
Yu, X. 
Moser, H.O. 
Keywords: Nanoparticles
Issue Date: Jan-2006
Source: Gao, X., Tan, S.C., Wee, A.T.S., Wu, J., Kong, L., Yu, X., Moser, H.O. (2006-01). Structural and magnetic characterization of soft-magnetic FeCo alloy nanoparticles. Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 150 (1) : 11-14. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Soft-magnetic FeCo alloy nanoparticles with diameters less than 100 nm are prepared by ball milling. X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) are used to characterize these particles. While the XPS spectrum from the as-prepared sample clearly shows Co photoemission peaks, no sign of Fe is observed in the same spectrum. However, Fe photoemission peaks appear after 1 h of Ar ion sputtering. A quantitative analysis of the XPS spectra shows an increase of Fe concentration versus sputtering time until the Fe:Co ratio of the bulk alloy is reached. In addition, the narrow scan Fe and Co 2p XPS spectra show that Co is more oxidized than Fe. All these measurements indicate that the nanoparticles have a Co shell and an Fe-rich core. They further demonstrate the usefulness of XPS combined with depth-profiling via sputtering to obtain element- and chemically-sensitive structural information on nanoparticles. XMCD as an element-specific magnetic analysis tool further reveals that Fe and Co are ferromagnetically coupled in these particles. The information obtained is useful for establishing a structure-property relation for the studied material that is expected to have applications as a soft magnetic material at high temperatures. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena
ISSN: 03682048
DOI: 10.1016/j.elspec.2005.07.004
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