Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.01.007
Title: The effect of rhBMP-2 on canine osteoblasts seeded onto 3D bioactive polycaprolactone scaffolds
Authors: Rai, B.
Teoh, S.H. 
Ho, K.H. 
Hutmacher, D.W. 
Cao, T. 
Chen, F.
Yacob, K.
Keywords: Bioactivity
BMP
Bone tissue engineering
Osteogenesis
Polycaprolactone and scaffold
Issue Date: Nov-2004
Source: Rai, B., Teoh, S.H., Ho, K.H., Hutmacher, D.W., Cao, T., Chen, F., Yacob, K. (2004-11). The effect of rhBMP-2 on canine osteoblasts seeded onto 3D bioactive polycaprolactone scaffolds. Biomaterials 25 (24) : 5499-5506. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.01.007
Abstract: Our strategy entails investigating the influence of varied concentrations (0, 10, 100 and 1000ng/ml) of human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) on the osteogenic expression of canine osteoblasts, seeded onto poly-caprolactone 20% tricalcium phosphate (PCL-TCP) scaffolds in vitro. Biochemical assay revealed that groups with rhBMP-2 displayed an initial burst in cell growth that was not dose-dependent. However, after 13 days, cell growth declined to a value similar to control. Significantly less cell growth was observed for construct with 1000ng/ml of rhBMP-2 from 20 days onwards. Confocal microscopy confirmed viability of osteoblasts and at day 20, groups seeded with rhBMP-2 displayed heightened cell death as compared to control. Phase contrast and scanning electron microscopy revealed that osteoblasts heavily colonized surfaces, rods and pores of the PCL-TCP scaffolds. This was consistent for all groups. Finally, Von Kossa and osteocalcin assays demonstrated that cells from all groups maintained their osteogenic phenotype throughout the experiment. Calcification was observed as early as four days after stimulation for groups seeded with rhBMP-2. In conclusion, rhBMP-2 seems to enhance the differentiated function of canine osteoblasts in a non-dose dependent manner. This resulted in accelerated mineralization, followed by death of osteoblasts as they underwent terminal differentiation. Notably, PCL-TCP scaffolds seeded only with canine osteoblasts could sustain excellent osteogenic expression in vitro. Hence, the synergy of PCL with bioactive TCP and rhBMP-2 in a novel composite scaffold, could offer an exciting approach for bone regeneration. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Biomaterials
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/51534
ISSN: 01429612
DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2004.01.007
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