Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023120
Title: Effects of concurrent load on feature- and rule-based generalization in human contingency learning
Authors: Wills, A.J.
Graham, S. 
Koh, Z. 
McLaren, I.P.L.
Rolland, M.D.
Keywords: Associative learning
Deliberative processing
Generalization
Rules
Working memory
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Source: Wills, A.J., Graham, S., Koh, Z., McLaren, I.P.L., Rolland, M.D. (2011-07). Effects of concurrent load on feature- and rule-based generalization in human contingency learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes 37 (3) : 308-316. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0023120
Abstract: The effect of concurrent load on generalization performance in human contingency learning was examined in 2 experiments that employed the combined positive and negative patterning procedure of Shanks and Darby (1998). In Experiment 1, we tested 32 undergraduates and found that participants who were trained and tested under full attention showed generalization consistent with the application of an opposites rule (i.e., single cues signal the opposite outcome to their compound), whereas participants trained and tested under a concurrent cognitive load showed generalization consistent with surface similarity. In Experiment 2, we replicated the effect with 148 undergraduates and provided evidence that it was the presence of concurrent load during training, rather than during testing, that was critical. Implications for associative, inferential, and dual-process accounts of human learning are discussed. © 2011 American Psychological Association.
Source Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/49911
ISSN: 00977403
DOI: 10.1037/a0023120
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