Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/47542
Title: DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF MINIATURIZED SAMPLE PREPARATION TECHNIQUES COMBINED WITH GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY IN ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS
Authors: ZHANG HONG
Keywords: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, Microextraction, Solid-phase, Liquid-phase, Graphene, Plunger-in-needle
Issue Date: 22-Sep-2011
Source: ZHANG HONG (2011-09-22). DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF MINIATURIZED SAMPLE PREPARATION TECHNIQUES COMBINED WITH GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY IN ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This dissertation presents the development and application of miniaturized sample preparation techniques for environmental analysis. For sorbent-based microextraction, the applicability and feasibility of graphene or modified graphene as sorbent was investigated and evaluated. The possibility of graphene serving as sorbent was first explored in micro-solid-phase extraction. To further investigate its extraction capability, well-dispersed graphene was applied in a variation of solid-phase microextraction (SPME), which was assembled with a commercially-available plunger-in-needle microsyringe, in which the plunger was coated with graphene. With this setup, a ready-made SPME device resembling a commercial system, was conveniently devised. A liquid-phase microextraction (LPME) approach was developed: plunger-in-needle LPME, based on similar concept as plunger-in-needle SPME. A hydrofluoric acid-etched stainless steel plunger was used as organic solvent holder and support. The aforementioned miniaturized and environmentally friendly sample preparation methods were demonstrated to be simple, fast and cost-effective for the analysis of organic pollutants from environmental aqueous samples.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/47542
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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