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|Title:||On-line computerized diagnosis of pain-related disability and psychological status of TMD patients: A pilot study|
|Authors:||Yap, A.U.J. |
|Citation:||Yap, A.U.J.,Tan, K.B.C.,Hoe, J.K.E.,Yap, R.H.C.,Jaffar, J. (2001). On-line computerized diagnosis of pain-related disability and psychological status of TMD patients: A pilot study. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 28 (1) : 78-87. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is a collective term embracing a number of clinical problems, which involve the masticatory musculature, the temporomandibular joint or both. Virtually all theories dealing with the aetiology and treatment of TMD have recognized the importance of psychological factors. This paper reports the development of a computerized on-line program (NUS TMD v1.1) for the diagnosis of pain-related disability and psychological status of TMD patients based on Axis II of the research diagnostic criteria (RDC)/TMD (Dworkin, S.F. & LeResche, L. 1992. Journal of Craniomandibular Disorders: Facial Oral Pain, 6, 301), which was developed to redress the lack of diagnostic criteria in TMD research. Methods adopted by RDC/TMD for use in assessing Axis II status include a seven-item questionnaire for grading chronic pain severity, the Symptom Checklist 90 Revised (SCL-90-R) and a jaw disability checklist. A pilot study, based on 37 new TMD patient records, was conducted to study the pain-related disability and psychological status of TMD patients using this newly developed program. The mean age of the predominantly Chinese population (86.5%) was 32.19 years (range 20-72 years) with a sex distribution of 24 females and 13 males. Most patients (78%) had low disability, with 12 patients having low intensity and 17 patients having high intensity pain. Approximately 73% of the sample population were moderately or severely depressed. Patients that were moderately and severely depressed had significantly higher scores for limitation related to mandibular functioning than normal patients. The three most frequent jaw disabilities were: eating hard foods (84%), yawning (78%) and chewing (65%). © 2001 Blackwell Science Ltd.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Oral Rehabilitation|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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