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|Title:||Mechanical properties of metal-ceramic alloys at high temperature|
|Authors:||Chew, C.L. |
|Source:||Chew, C.L.,Norman, R.D.,Stewart, G.P. (1990). Mechanical properties of metal-ceramic alloys at high temperature. Dental Materials 6 (4) : 223-227. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Four alloys used for the construction of porcelain-fused-to-metal restorations were tested at high temperatures (1000°C) so that loss of properties could be ascertained. In addition, thin flat plates of metal (30 × 11 × 1 mm) with a 9-mm recess and a metal thickness of 0.35 mm were processed for porcelain application and distortion measured at 15 points along the surface prior to and following each firing cycle. Yield and ultimate tensile strengths and elongation were determined on specimens at room temperature and at 1000°C. None of the alloys tested showed a great amount of distortion during the various firing cycles, yet they showed increased change with each successive heating. The greatest distortion occurred with Jelenko "O" alloy. When the mechanical properties were compared, there was a marked loss of both yield and ultimate strength values for each alloy (Jelenko "O"-Y.S., 95.64%, U.T.S., 96.22%; Olympia-Y.S., 95.08%, U.T.S., 96.76%; Tempo-Y.S., 91.23%, U.T.S., 93.46%; Biobond II-Y.S., 82.72%, U.T.S., 86.21%). Percent elongation increased by 272% with Biobond II and 370% with Jelenko "O", whereas Tempo and Olympia increased by 120 and 155%. It is apparent that the palladium-based alloy and the nickel-chromium-based alloy have higher mechanical properties at the temperature where porcelain will be applied. © 1990.|
|Source Title:||Dental Materials|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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