Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/46852
Title: Effect of prophylaxis regimens on surface roughness of glass ionomer cements
Authors: Wu, S.S.
Yap, A.U.J. 
Chelvan, S.
Tan, E.S.F.
Issue Date: 2005
Source: Wu, S.S.,Yap, A.U.J.,Chelvan, S.,Tan, E.S.F. (2005). Effect of prophylaxis regimens on surface roughness of glass ionomer cements. Operative Dentistry 30 (2) : 180-184. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This study investigated the surface roughness of conventional (Fuji II Capsulated [FC], GC Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), resin-modified (Fuji II LC [FL], GC Corporation) [FL] and highly viscous (Fuji IX GP Fast [FN], GC Corporation) glass ionomer cements [GICs] after exposure to five prophylaxis regimes. The surface roughness obtained was compared to untreated polished specimens (control). The prophylaxis regimes evaluated were rotating brush with pumice-water slurry [PB]; rotating rubber cup with pumice-water slurry [PC]; rotating rubber cup with prophylaxis paste [PP]; rotating rubber cup with prophylaxis gel [PG] and air-powder polishing [PJ]. Forty-eight specimens (3-mm long x 3-mm wide x 2-mm deep) were made for each material. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37°C for one month, polished with 1200 grit sandpaper using a lapping device and randomly divided into six groups (n=8). They were then stored for an additional two months in distilled water at 37°C prior to exposure to the various prophylaxis regimens. The mean surface roughness value (Ra; μm) was measured with a profilometer. Data was subjected to ANOVA/Scheffe's tests at significance level 0.05. Mean Ra ranged from 0.30 to 1.70 μm for FC, 0.40 to 2.52 μm for FL and 0.36 to 1.79 μm for FN. Regardless of the type of glass ionomer, treatment with PJ resulted in significantly rougher surfaces when compared to the control group. For FC and FN, a significant increase in roughness was observed after treatment with PB and PP, respectively. Glass ionomer restorations may require re-polishing after exposure to some prophylaxis regimens. ©Operative Dentistry, 2005.
Source Title: Operative Dentistry
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/46852
ISSN: 03617734
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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