Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jue.2012.01.001
Title: Inshoring: The geographic fragmentation of production and inequality
Authors: Liao, W.-C. 
Keywords: Geographic fragmentation of production
Inequality
Inshoring
System of cities
Vertical disintegration
Issue Date: 2012
Source: Liao, W.-C. (2012). Inshoring: The geographic fragmentation of production and inequality. Journal of Urban Economics 72 (1) : 1-16. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jue.2012.01.001
Abstract: The advent of information technology facilitates the geographic separation of production tasks, which is referred to as offshoring in international contexts and inshoring in domestic contexts. Although the literature on offshoring has flourished, the research regarding inshoring is limited. This paper examines inshoring on both empirical and theoretical fronts. Empirically, it shows that business support services have been increasingly sent to small localities for cost savings while being separated from their downstream industries, which have been consistently concentrated in large cities. Guided by empirical findings, a system of cities model is formulated to analyze inshoring and its welfare impact. The analysis shows that support workers are made better off, primarily because inshoring allows support workers to benefit from higher urban productivity without bearing urban costs. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Urban Economics
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/46166
ISSN: 00941190
DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2012.01.001
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