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|Title:||The impacts of ventilation strategies and facade on indoor thermal environment for naturally ventilated residential buildings in Singapore|
|Citation:||Liping, W., Hien, W.N. (2007). The impacts of ventilation strategies and facade on indoor thermal environment for naturally ventilated residential buildings in Singapore. Building and Environment 42 (12) : 4006-4015. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.06.027|
|Abstract:||The impacts of various ventilation strategies and facade designs on indoor thermal environment for naturally ventilated residential buildings in Singapore are investigated in this study based on thermal comfort index. Four ventilation strategies, nighttime-only ventilation, daytime-only ventilation, full-day ventilation and no ventilation were evaluated for hot-humid climate according to the number of thermal discomfort hours in the whole typical year on the basis of a series of TAS simulations. Parametric studies of facade designs on orientations, window to wall ratios and shading devices were performed for two typical weeks by coupled simulations between building simulation ESP-r and CFD (FLUENT). The results indicate that full-day ventilation for indoor thermal comfort is better than the other three ventilation strategies. With various facade design studies, it was found that north- and south-facing facades can provide much comfortable indoor environment than east- and west-facing facades in Singapore. It is recommended that optimum window to wall ratio 0.24 can improve indoor thermal comfort for full-day ventilation and 600 mm horizontal shading devices are needed for each orientation in order to improve thermal comfort in further. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.|
|Source Title:||Building and Environment|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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