Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.04.011
Title: The effects of culture and friendship on rewarding honesty and punishing deception
Authors: Wang, C.S. 
Leung, A.K.Y.
See, Y.H.M.
Gao, X.Y.
Keywords: Culture
Deception
Honesty
Punishment
Reward
Social mobility
Issue Date: 2011
Source: Wang, C.S., Leung, A.K.Y., See, Y.H.M., Gao, X.Y. (2011). The effects of culture and friendship on rewarding honesty and punishing deception. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 47 (6) : 1295-1299. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2011.04.011
Abstract: The present research explores whether the type of relationship one holds with deceptive or honest actors influences cross-cultural differences in reward and punishment. Research suggests that Americans reward honest actors more than they punish deceptive perpetrators, whereas East Asians reward and punish equally (Wang & Leung, 2010). Our research suggests that the type of relationship with the actor matters for East Asians, but not for Americans. East Asians exhibit favoritism toward their friends by rewarding more than punishing them, but reward and punish equally when the actors are strangers (Experiment 1 and 2); Americans reward more than they punish regardless of the type of relationship (Experiment 2). Furthermore, the findings were replicated when the proposed mechanism - social mobility - was manipulated within the same culture (Experiment 3). We discuss the implications of these findings for understanding how friends versus strangers are rewarded and punished in an increasingly relationally complex world. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Source Title: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/44632
ISSN: 00221031
DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.04.011
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