Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/35865
Title: FTIP1 IS AN ESSENTIAL REGULATOR REQUIRED FOR FLORIGEN TRANSPORT
Authors: LIU LU
Keywords: FTIP1, FT, ER, Transportation, Vascular tissue, Companion cell
Issue Date: 2-Aug-2012
Source: LIU LU (2012-08-02). FTIP1 IS AN ESSENTIAL REGULATOR REQUIRED FOR FLORIGEN TRANSPORT. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The photoperiodic control of flowering in plants is mediated by a long-distance mobile floral stimulus called florigen that moves from leaves to the shoot apex. Although the proteins encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) in Arabidopsis and its orthologs in other plants are identified as the long-sought florigen, whether their transport is a simple diffusion process or under regulation remains elusive. Here we show that FT-INTERACTING PROTEIN 1 (FTIP1) is an essential regulator required for FT protein transport in Arabidopsis. Loss of function of FTIP1 exhibits late flowering under long days. FTIP1 and FT interact specifically in phloem companion cells. FTIP1 is required for FT export from companion cells to sieve elements, thus affecting FT transport through the phloem to the SAM. Our results provide a mechanistic understanding of florigen transport, demonstrating that FT moves in a regulated manner and that FTIP1 mediates FT transport to induce flowering.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/35865
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