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Title: Variable permeability magnetic field sensor and method
Authors: LI, XIAOPING 
Issue Date: 8-Feb-2005
Source: LI, XIAOPING (2005-02-08). Variable permeability magnetic field sensor and method. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: A magnetic field sensor relies on variations in permeability of magnetic material to detect an external field. An exemplary magnetic field sensor includes a magnetic material and two or more conductors, at least one of which is connected to an electrical energy source. Current flowing through at least one of the conductors establishes a magnetic field in die magnetic material at a magnitude at which there is a generally linear relationship between the magnetic field and the permeability of the material. An external field to be sensed influences the permeability of the material. Sensing variations in the permeability of the magnetic material allows the external magnetic field to be sensed. Preferably, the conductors are mutually coupled and exhibit a mutual inductance between each other so that detectable changes in the current distribution between the conductors caused by an external magnetic field may be detected while the net current flowing in the conductors remains sufficient to maintain a magnetic field of sufficient magnitude in the material.
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