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Title: The mechanism of hypoglycemic action of the semi-purified fractions of Averrhoa bilimbi in streptozotocin-diabetic rats
Authors: Pushparaj, P.N.
Tan, C.H. 
Tan, B.K.H. 
Keywords: Averrhoa bilimbi
Blood glucose
Cytochrome P450
Hepatic glycogen
Serum insulin
Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances
Issue Date: 2001
Citation: Pushparaj, P.N., Tan, C.H., Tan, B.K.H. (2001). The mechanism of hypoglycemic action of the semi-purified fractions of Averrhoa bilimbi in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Life Sciences 70 (5) : 535-547. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: In the present study, we have examined the possible mechanism of the hypoglycemic action of the semi-purified fractions of an ethanolic extract of Averrhoa bilimbi Linn (Oxalidaceae) leaves (ABe) in streptozotocin-diabetic male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The ABe was partitioned with water and butanol to yield a butanol-soluble fraction (BuF) and a water-soluble fraction (AF). The AF was further partitioned with ethyl acetate and hexane to obtain ethyl acetate (EF) and hexane (HF) soluble fractions. The hypoglycemic property of each fraction was assessed by the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) at a dose of 125-mg/kg-body weight in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats (STZ 60 mg/kg i.p.). Fractions AF, BuF and the reference drug metformin (500 mg/kg body weight), produced significant blood glucose-lowering effect in the diabetic rats when compared to the vehicle (distilled water). In the long-term study, the diabetic rats were randomly divided into 4 groups and treated orally by gavage with vehicle, AF (125 mg/kg body weight), BuF (125 mg/kg body weight), and metformin (500 mg/kg body weight) respectively twice a day for 14 days. On day 7 and day 14, AF and BuF, like the reference drug, metformin, lowered the fasting blood glucose concentration significantly (P < 0.05) when compared with the vehicle. The serum insulin level was significantly increased in the AF-treated rats only on day 14 when compared to that in the vehicle-treated rats on day zero (P < 0.05). The serum insulin level in BuF-treated rats was also significantly higher (P < 0.05) on both day 7 and day 14 compared to that on day zero. Hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activity was significantly lower (P<0.05) in AF- and metformin-treated groups, but not in BuF-treated groups, compared to that in vehicle-treated group. However, there was no change in hepatic glycogen content in AF-, BuF- and metformin-treated group compared to the vehicle-treated group. These results indicate that AF is more potent than BuF in the amelioration of hyperglycemia in STZ-diabetic rats and is a potential source for the isolation of new orally active agent(s) for anti-diabetic therapy. © 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Life Sciences
ISSN: 00243205
DOI: 10.1016/S0024-3205(01)01423-0
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