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|Title:||Characterization of the rat isolated retractor penis muscle as a model for the study of nitrergic transmission|
Nitric oxide synthase
Rat retractor penis muscle
|Source:||Cheah, L.-S., Gwee, M.C.E., Nirthanan, S. (2002). Characterization of the rat isolated retractor penis muscle as a model for the study of nitrergic transmission. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 47 (2) : 79-85. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1056-8719(02)00204-6|
|Abstract:||Introduction: The anococcygeus and retractor penis muscles are part of the erectile machinery in male rodents. The rat anococcygeus muscle is a widely used smooth muscle preparation for the study of the effects of test substances on adrenergic, nitrergic, and cholinergic transmission. There is, however, little information available on the process of autonomic transmission in the rat retractor penis muscle, although its autonomic innervation has generally been assumed to be similar to that of the anococcygeus muscle because of the contiguous nature of the two muscles. The present study investigated the involvement of nitrergic transmission in mediating relaxant responses of the rat retractor penis muscle to electrical field stimulation. Methods: The retractor penis muscle was isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats and mounted in Krebs solution. Phentolamine (5 μM) was added to the bath to block the adrenergic responses of the muscle, which was then precontracted with carbachol (10 μM). Results: Electrical field stimulation (20-30 V, 1 ms pulse width, at 0.5-20 Hz for 10 s) of the carbachol precontracted muscle elicited frequency-dependent relaxant responses (0.9-68%). Tetrodotoxin (1 μM), NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NOARG) (50 μM), NG-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME) (100 μM), and haemoglobin (100 μM) inhibited these relaxant responses by 99.3%, 93.9%, 86.9%, and 77.5%, respectively. L-Arginine (250 μM) (but not its D-isomer) reversed the blockade produced by L-NOARG (72.7%) and L-NAME (81.5%). Discussion: Our results provide clear evidence that the inhibitory (relaxant) responses of the rat retractor penis muscle to electrical field stimulation are mediated by nitric oxide involving the L-arginine-nitric oxide synthase-nitric oxide pathway. The rat retractor penis muscle is a versatile preparation that can replace the cumbersome preparations from the pig, ox, and horse, hitherto used as pharmacological models for the study of the retractor penis muscle. © 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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