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|Title:||Markers of diabetic nephropathy|
|Authors:||Hong, C.Y. |
|Source:||Hong, C.Y., Chia, K.S. (1998). Markers of diabetic nephropathy. Journal of Diabetes and its Complications 12 (1) : 43-60. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1056-8727(97)00045-7|
|Abstract:||It is well established that the detection of microalbuminuria in a patient with diabetes mellitus indicates the presence of glomerular involvement in early renal damage. Recent studies have demonstrated that there is also a tubular component to renal complications of diabetes, as shown by the detection of renal tubular proteins and enzymes in the urine. In fact, tubular involvement may precede glomerular involvement, as several of these tubular proteins and enzymes are detectable even before the appearance of microalbuminuria. This review looks at the studies reported so far on serum and urinary markers of diabetic nephropathy, both glomerular and tubular, and their roles in the early detection of renal damage. The advantages and disadvantages of some of these markers are also discussed. The markers reviewed include (1) glomerular-transferrin, fibronectin, and other components of glomerular extracellular matrix, and (2) tubular-low molecular weight proteins (β2 microglobulin, retinol binding protein, α1 microglobulin, urine protein 1), other proteins such as Tamm-Horsfall protein, β2 glycoprotein-1, urinary enzymes (N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase, cholinesterase, γ glutamyltranspeptidase, alanine aminopeptidase), and tubular brush-border antigen.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Diabetes and its Complications|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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