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Title: The influence of polyunsaturated fatty acids on probiotic growth and adhesion
Authors: Kankaanpaa, P.E.
Salminen, S.J.
Isolauri, E.
Lee, Y.K. 
Keywords: Adhesion
Caco-2 cell
Intestinal mucus
Polyunsaturated fatty acid
Probiotic bacterium
Issue Date: 2001
Citation: Kankaanpaa, P.E., Salminen, S.J., Isolauri, E., Lee, Y.K. (2001). The influence of polyunsaturated fatty acids on probiotic growth and adhesion. FEMS Microbiology Letters 194 (2) : 149-153. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The establishment of the intestinal microflora, and probiotic bacteria, may control the inflammatory conditions in the gut. As polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) possess antimicrobial activities, they may deter the action of probiotics. We assessed whether free linoleic, γ-linolenic, arachidonic, α-linolenic and docosahexaenoic acids at physiological concentrations in the growth media would influence the growth and adhesion of Lactobacillus GG (probiotic), Lactobacillus casei Shirota (probiotic) and Lactobacillus bulgaricus (dairy strain). Higher concentrations of PUFA (10-40 μg PUFA ml-1) inhibited growth and mucus adhesion of all tested bacterial strains, whilst growth and mucus adhesion of L. casei Shirota was promoted by low concentrations of γ-linolenic acid and arachidonic acid (at 5 μg ml-1), respectively. PUFA also altered bacterial adhesion sites on Caco-2 cells. Caco-2 cells grown in the presence of arachidonic acid were less adhered to by all three bacterial strains. Yet, L. casei Shirota adhered better on Caco-2 cells grown in the presence of α-linolenic acid. As the adhesion to mucosal surfaces is pivotal in health promoting effects by probiotics, our results indicate that the action of probiotics in the gut may be modulated by dietary PUFA. © 2001 Federation of European Microbiological Societies.
Source Title: FEMS Microbiology Letters
ISSN: 03781097
DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1097(00)00519-X
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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