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Title: To cheat or not to cheat? The Strategic Decision of Electoral Fraud in Competitive Autocracies
Keywords: authoritarianism,elections,party,power-sharing,mass conflict,popular pressure
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2011
Source: MARIA WAQAR (2011-04-29). To cheat or not to cheat? The Strategic Decision of Electoral Fraud in Competitive Autocracies. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Why does pressure to hold free and fair elections by the opposition prevent some competitive autocrats from stealing elections but not others? My paper illustrates how extent of power-sharing in the autocratic party determines the decision to either refrain from ballot-rigging or try to cling to power through electoral fraud when the opposition can credibly threaten a massive civil disobedience against tainted elections. I argue that diffused power in the ruling party/high power-sharing amongst party elites makes the autocrat refrain from electoral rigging, even at the risk of losing, when there is a high threat that the opposition will lead a large-scale civil disobedience to challenge tainted election results. While in the case of concentrated power in the ruling party/low power-sharing amongst party elites the autocrat will rig elections to cling to power even when there is a high threat of civil disobedience following suit. I analyze the contrasting cases of the Socialist Party of Serbia and Institutional Republican Party in Mexico to test my theory.
Appears in Collections:Master's Theses (Open)

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