Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2009.04.028
Title: Determination of senkirkine and senecionine in Tussilago farfara using microwave-assisted extraction and pressurized hot water extraction with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry
Authors: Jiang, Z. 
Liu, F.
Goh, J.J.L.
Yu, L. 
Li, S.F.Y. 
Ong, E.S. 
Ong, C.N. 
Keywords: Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry
Liquid chromatography
Microwave-assisted extraction
Pressurized hot water extraction
Senecionine
Senkirkine
Tussilago farfara
Issue Date: 2009
Source: Jiang, Z., Liu, F., Goh, J.J.L., Yu, L., Li, S.F.Y., Ong, E.S., Ong, C.N. (2009). Determination of senkirkine and senecionine in Tussilago farfara using microwave-assisted extraction and pressurized hot water extraction with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Talanta 79 (2) : 539-546. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2009.04.028
Abstract: Tussilago farfara (Kuan Donghua) is an important Chinese herbal medicine which has been shown to contain many bioactive compounds and widely used to relieve cough and resolve phlegm. However, besides therapeutic bioactive compounds, this herb has been found to contain toxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs), mainly senkirkine and traces of senecionine. In this report, conditions for microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) and pressurized hot water extraction (PHWE) were optimized for the extraction of the PAs. The results were compared against heating under reflux. It was found that the binary mixture of MeOH:H2O (1:1) acidified using HCl to pH 2-3 was the optimal solvent for the extraction of the PAs in the plant materials. Liquid chromatography (LC) with ultra-violet (UV) detection and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) in the positive mode was used for the determination and quantitation of senkirkine and senecionine in the botanical extract. The proposed extraction methods with LC/MS allow for the rapid detection of the major and the minor alkaloids in T. farfara in the presence of co-eluting peaks. With LC/MS, the quantitative analysis of PAs in the extract was done using internal standard calibration and the precision was found to vary from 0.6% to 5.4% on different days. The limits of detection (LODs) and limits of quantitation (LOQs) for MAE and PHWE were found to vary from 0.26 μg/g to 1.04 μg/g and 1.32 μg/g to 5.29 μg/g, respectively. The method precision of MAE and PHWE were found to vary from 3.7% to 10.4% on different days. The results showed that major and minor alkaloids extracted using MAE and PHWE were comparable to that by heating under reflux. Our data also showed that significant ion suppression was not observed in the analysis of senkirkine and senecionine in the botanical extracts with co-eluting peaks. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Talanta
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/24639
ISSN: 00399140
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2009.04.028
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