Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2003.09.027
Title: Hydrological consequences of landscape fragmentation in mountainous northern Vietnam: Evidence of accelerated overland flow generation
Authors: Ziegler, A.D. 
Giambelluca, T.W.
Vana, T.T.
Nullet, M.A.
Tran, L.T.
Fox, J.
Vien, T.D.
Pinthong, J.
Maxwell, J.F.
Evett, S.
Keywords: Deforestation
Disk permeameter
Imperata cylindrica
Infiltration
Land-cover change
Saturated hydraulic conductivity
SE Asia
Tropical watershed hydrology
Issue Date: 2004
Source: Ziegler, A.D.,Giambelluca, T.W.,Vana, T.T.,Nullet, M.A.,Tran, L.T.,Fox, J.,Vien, T.D.,Pinthong, J.,Maxwell, J.F.,Evett, S. (2004). Hydrological consequences of landscape fragmentation in mountainous northern Vietnam: Evidence of accelerated overland flow generation. Journal of Hydrology 287 (1-4) : 124-146. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2003.09.027
Abstract: Measurements of saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) and indices of Horton overland flow (HOF) generation are used to assess the influence of landscape fragmentation on near-surface hydrologic response in two upland watersheds in northern Vietnam. The fragmented landscape, which results from timber extraction and swidden agriculture, is a mosaic of surfaces having distinct infiltration characteristics. In general, human activity has reduced infiltration and altered near-surface flow paths on all disturbed land covers. Compacted roads, paths, and dwelling sites, for example, have the propensity to generate HOF for small rainfall depths. Although these surfaces occupy a small fraction of a basin land area (estimated at <1%), they contribute disproportionately to overland flow response during typical rainfall events. Recently abandoned fields have the lowest Ks of all non-consolidated, post-cultivation surfaces tested. Beginning 1-2 years following abandonment, diminished Ks recovers over time with the succession to more advanced types of secondary regrowth. If a grassland emerges on the abandoned site, rather than a bamboo-dominated cover, Ks recovers more rapidly. The decrease in Ks with depth below disturbed surfaces is more acute than that found at undisturbed sites. This enhanced anisotropy in near-surface Ks increases the likelihood of the development of a lateral subsurface flow component during large storms of the monsoon rain season. Subsequently, the likelihood of return flow generation is increased. Because the recovery time of subsurface Ks is greater than that for the surface Ks, the impact human activity has on hydrologic response in the fragmented basin may linger long after the surface vegetation has evolved to a mature forested association. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Journal of Hydrology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/22180
ISSN: 00221694
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2003.09.027
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

SCOPUSTM   
Citations

94
checked on Dec 5, 2017

WEB OF SCIENCETM
Citations

82
checked on Oct 30, 2017

Page view(s)

215
checked on Dec 9, 2017

Google ScholarTM

Check

Altmetric


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.