Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/147209
Title: DISTINCTIVENESS AND MODALITY EFFECTS ON THE FORMATION OF SHORT-TERM FALSE MEMORIES
Authors: LIONEL LIM CHENG LIANG
Keywords: distinctiveness, modality effect, false memories, short-term
Issue Date: 12-Apr-2018
Citation: LIONEL LIM CHENG LIANG (2018-04-12). DISTINCTIVENESS AND MODALITY EFFECTS ON THE FORMATION OF SHORT-TERM FALSE MEMORIES. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This experiment focuses on studying how item distinctiveness affects the formation of false memories. Phonologically and semantically related word lists were used to manipulate distinctiveness. In Experiment 1, to-be-remembered lists were presented visually. Phonological lists resulted in greater rates of false recognition compared to semantic lists. Experiment 2 was similar to Experiment 1, but the lists were presented auditorily. Phonological lists also elicited greater rates of false recognition. Further analysis revealed that the phonological and semantic lists exhibit different patterns of false recognition across modalities. Semantic lists elicit more false memories visually whereas phonological lists elicited more false memories auditorily. It is argued that phonological similarities reduced item distinctiveness, resulting in greater rates of false recognition. The observed modality-specific effects are consistent with a framework positing the generation of different memory codes depending on whether words are presented visually or auditorily.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/147209
Appears in Collections:Bachelor's Theses (Restricted)

Show full item record
Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormatAccess SettingsVersion 
A0124358E_20180412131651_0.pdf724.55 kBAdobe PDF

RESTRICTED

NoneLog In

Page view(s)

9
checked on Sep 20, 2018

Download(s)

2
checked on Sep 20, 2018

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.