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Title: Perioperative infections in congenital heart disease
Authors: Murni I.K.
MacLaren G. 
Morrow D.
Iyer P.
Duke T.
Keywords: CHD
low- and middle-income country
Perioperative infection
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2017
Citation: Murni I.K., MacLaren G., Morrow D., Iyer P., Duke T. (2017-12-01). Perioperative infections in congenital heart disease. Cardiology in the young 27 (S6) : S14-S21. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Perioperative infections have significant consequences for children with congenital heart disease (CHD), which can manifest as acute or chronic infection followed by poor growth and progressive cardiac failure. The consequences include delayed or higher-risk surgery, and increased postoperative morbidity and mortality.METHODS: A systematic search for studies evaluating the burden and interventions to reduce perioperative infections in children with CHD was undertaken using PubMed.RESULTS: Limited studies conducted in low- to middle-income countries demonstrated the large burden of perioperative infections among children with CHD. Most studies focussed on infections after surgery. Few studies evaluated strategies to prevent preoperative infection or the impact of infection on decision-making around the timing of surgery. Children with CHD have multiple risk factors for infections including delayed presentation, inadequate treatment of cardiac failure, and poor nutrition.CONCLUSIONS: The burden of perioperative infections is high among children with CHD, and studies evaluating the effectiveness of interventions to reduce these infections are lacking. As good nutrition, early corrective surgery, and measures to reduce nosocomial infection are likely to play a role, practical steps can be taken to make surgery safer.
Source Title: Cardiology in the young
ISSN: 14671107
DOI: 10.1017/S1047951117002578
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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