Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/143317
Title: TOXICITY OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES WITH EMPHASIS ON KIDNEY CELLS IN VITRO AND IN VIVO
Authors: CYNTHIA ONG
Keywords: silver nanoparticles, nanotoxicology, kidneys, rat, Drosophila
Issue Date: 12-Jul-2016
Citation: CYNTHIA ONG (2016-07-12). TOXICITY OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES WITH EMPHASIS ON KIDNEY CELLS IN VITRO AND IN VIVO. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Although silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are used in various biomedical applications, its toxicological profile remains relatively unknown. In vitro experimentation revealed that Fetal Bovine Serum- coated AgNPs (~13 nm) induced apoptosis via the extrinsic pathway and genotoxicity to human embryonic kidney HEK 293 cells. In co-cultures of Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC) - HEK 293 cells, where HUVECs were exposed to AgNPs, unexposed HEK 293 cells displayed bystander effects such as differential DNA repair gene expression and oxidative stress. The biological effects of AgNPs were also evaluated in two in vivo models. Rats injected with a single dose of 0.2 mg/kg body weight AgNPs exhibited renal inflammation, associated with significant up-regulation of miR-128-3p and down-regulation of its target, Agrin. AgNPs also caused a decline in the fecundity of Drosophila male flies due to induction of oxidative stress, accompanied by precocious differentiation of germline stem cells and decreased proliferation of spermatogonia.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/143317
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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