Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/134691
Title: DECISION MAKING ACROSS PROSPECTIVE GAINS AND LOSSES: DIVERGENCE OF RISK AND VALUE PROCESSING AND CONVERGENCE FOR VALUE-TO-UTILITY TRANSFORMATIONS
Authors: YOANNA ARLINA KURNIANINGSIH
Keywords: decision making, gains, losses, risk preference, value, utility
Issue Date: 2-Aug-2016
Source: YOANNA ARLINA KURNIANINGSIH (2016-08-02). DECISION MAKING ACROSS PROSPECTIVE GAINS AND LOSSES: DIVERGENCE OF RISK AND VALUE PROCESSING AND CONVERGENCE FOR VALUE-TO-UTILITY TRANSFORMATIONS. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The goal of the field of decision neuroscience is to understand the neural mechanisms that underlie individual choice behavior. Economic decision making across both gains and losses were investigated at both the behavioral and the neural levels. Independent studies investigated the effects of aging, sleep deprivation, and cognitive fatigue on economic decision making – identifying separable effects for all three states. Contrary to dominant economic theory, no significant correlation between risk preferences in the gains and losses domains was found, suggesting independence. In a fourth behavioral study, this independence was tested and confirmed using an intermixed-trial design. The fifth study, using fMRI, examined the neural mechanisms of the value-to-utility transformation, the process for converting between count and worth. This study demonstrated, with independent within-study replication, that the dorsal anterior midcingulate cortex (daMCC) contains the information necessary to perform the value-to-utility transformation across both gains and losses.
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/134691
Appears in Collections:Ph.D Theses (Open)

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