Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/133356
Title: Metered-dose inhaler with spacer instead of nebulizer during the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Singapore
Authors: Khoo, S.M.
Tan, L.K.
Said, N.
Lim, T.K. 
Keywords: Acute airway obstruction
Airborne infection
Bronchodilators
Metered-dose inhaler and spacer
Nebulizer
Outbreak
Severe acute respiratory syndrome
Issue Date: Jul-2009
Citation: Khoo, S.M., Tan, L.K., Said, N., Lim, T.K. (2009-07). Metered-dose inhaler with spacer instead of nebulizer during the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Singapore. Respiratory Care 54 (7) : 855-860. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The use of metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with spacer instead of nebulizer may be important during an outbreak of an airborne infection. However, there is a paucity of data on patients' and nurses' abilities and perspectives on MDI with spacer for the treatment of acute airway obstruction during such an outbreak. METHODS: We evaluated 50 consecutive MDI-withspacer treatments administered in the respiratory wards of the National University Hospital of Singapore, and interviewed the patients after each treatment during the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). We also conducted interviews with 50 nurses who had experience in administering bronchodilators via both nebulizer and MDI with spacer. RESULTS: Forty-six patients (92%) were able to use MDI with spacer effectively. Sixteen percent of the patients preferred nebulizer over MDI with spacer. Fifty-eight percent of the patients thought MDI with spacer was easier to use than nebulizer, and 34% thought MDI was as easy to use as nebulizer. Sixteen percent of the patients thought that nebulizer was more effective than MDI with spacer in relieving their symptoms. Ninety-six percent of the nurses preferred nebulizer over MDI with spacer. Fortytwo nurses (84%) thought that nebulizer was more effective for treating acute airflow obstruction in the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: In the in-patient setting during an outbreak of an airborne infection, for treatment of acute airflow obstruction, MDI with spacer was acceptable and preferred by a high percentage of patients. However, a high percentage of nurses had misconceptions regarding the efficacy of and patients' ability to use MDI with spacer. © 2009 Daedalus Enterprises.
Source Title: Respiratory Care
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/133356
ISSN: 00201324
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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