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|Title:||Morphological Templates, Headedness, and Applicatives in Barupu|
|Citation:||Donohue, M. (2003). Morphological Templates, Headedness, and Applicatives in Barupu. Oceanic Linguistics 42 (1) : 111-143. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||The applicative construction in Barupu (Macro-Skou family from northern New Guinea) performs all the functions expected of an applicative: it is a valency increasing construction that adds an object to a verb, similar to the relationship between the intransitive "be afraid" & the transitive "fear" in English. The applicative object behaves the same as the base object of a transitive verb with similar semantics, including the ability to appear indexed on the verb. Some of the applicatives are well behaved & do not present a challenge to existing models, while another set of applicatives are more complex morphologically & more problematic. In these constructions, the entire applicative complex displays two features that are not expected: (1) the applicative morpheme & the agreement for the applied object appear outside all inflectional agreement for the arguments of the base verb; & (2) the applicative morpheme shows agreement not just for the object but also for the subject, in addition to the agreement for subject found on the main verb root. These applicatives thus display several serial-verb-like properties, but fail to meet the criteria used to test for serial verbs, both cross-linguistically & within Barupu. I examine the phonological, morphological, & syntactic patterns associated with these applicatives, & show that there is a phonotactic constraint in the language that motivates this apparent mismatch of properties & a plausible pathway for the development of at least some of these morphemes. Nonetheless, we must recognize that synchronically the language allows for multiply headed verbs, without evidence of synchronic incorporation processes.|
|Source Title:||Oceanic Linguistics|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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