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|Title:||Studies of the lymphatic vessel-associated neurons in the intestine of the guinea pig|
|Keywords:||Enteric nervous system|
|Citation:||Wang, X.Y., Wong, W.C, Ling, E.A. (1994). Studies of the lymphatic vessel-associated neurons in the intestine of the guinea pig. Journal of Anatomy 185 (1) : 65-74. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||A unique group of neurons in the submucous plexus of the gastrointestinal tract in guinea pigs was studied using (1) Nissl staining and an enzyme histochemical technique for acetylcholinesterase (AChE), (2) immunohistochemical methods for the localisation of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and neuropeptides, including vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), substance P (SP), somatostatin (SOM), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), leu-enkephalin (leu-ENK), neuropeptide (NPY) and cholecystokinin (CCK), (3) a fluorescence tracer technique involving the intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of fluorogold, and (4) normal electron microscopy. The results showed that these neurons were distributed singly or in groups in the submucosa. They were closely adherent to the outer walls of lymphatic vessels, some appearing to protrude into the lumen. Ultrastructurally, only a thin layer of basal lamina and some collagen fibrils intervened between the endothelia of the lymphatic vessels and these neurons. Based on their synaptic contacts and the features of their content of synaptic vesicles, at least 4 types of axon terminal forming synaptic contacts with the 'lymphatic vessel-associated neurons' (LV-AN) were identified. The sources of origin of these terminals remains uncertain although it is speculated that they may be derived from vagal efferents or of intrinsic origin from the neighbouring neurons. All the LV-AN showed AChE and NSE positive reactions, but only a varying number were positive for VIP, SP, SOM, ENK, CGRP, CCK or NPY. The LV-AN were labelled with fluorogold injected i.p. On the basis of their close spatial relation with the lymphatic vessels and their labelling by fluorogold, it is speculated that they may serve to detect any chemical changes in the lymph and/or function as neurosecretory cells discharging their secretions into the lymph circulation by way of their processes.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Anatomy|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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