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|Title:||Invasive Haemophilus influenzae type B infections in Singapore children: A hospital-based study|
|Authors:||Lee, Y.S. |
Haemophihlus influenzae type b
|Source:||Lee, Y.S., Kumarasinghe, G., Chow, C., Khor, E.S.H., Lee, B.W. (2000). Invasive Haemophilus influenzae type B infections in Singapore children: A hospital-based study. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 36 (2) : 125-127. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1440-1754.2000.00459.x|
|Abstract:||Objective: A 6-year (1990-95) hospital-based retrospective study was carried out to investigate the pattern of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib.) disease. Methodology: Cases with Hib isolated from sterile sites (blood, cerebrospinal fluid, or joint aspirate) were identified from the hospital's microbiological records, and their reviewed case records. Patients with pyogenic meningitis in the same study period were also identified to estimate the incidence of Hib meningitis. Results: Twelve patients had positive cultures from sterile sites, of whom nine children were less than 5 years of age. These included seven cases of meningitis, one patient with acute epiglottitis, and one case of pneumonia. Three of the seven patients with meningitis had significant long-term sequelae. Our data also suggests a relatively low proportion of ethnic Chinese children with invasive disease. It was estimated that 18.4% to 41.1% of pyogenic meningitis in children admitted to the National University Hospital were due to Hib. The estimated annual attack rate of invasive Hib disease was at most 3.3 per 100 000 children aged less than 5 years (95% confidence interval: 2.6-3.5/100 000.). Conclusion: Invasive Hib infections are relatively uncommon in our community. This justifies the need for a cost effectiveness study before a universal Hib vaccination program is implemented.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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