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|Title:||Localization of Nitric Oxide Synthase and NADPH- Diaphorase in Guinea Pig and Human Cochleae|
|Authors:||Ruan, R.S. |
|Source:||Ruan, R.S., Leong, S.K., Yeoh, K.H. (1997). Localization of Nitric Oxide Synthase and NADPH- Diaphorase in Guinea Pig and Human Cochleae. Journal of Brain Research 38 (4) : 433-441. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||The distributions of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate diaphorase (NADPH-d) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in mammalian cochlea were studied at light and electron microscope levels by NADPH-d histochemistry and brain NOS (bNOS) immunohistochemistry. The cochleae from 15 albino guinea pigs were perilymphatically fixed with 2% periodate-lysine-paraformaldehyde, decalcified in 10% EDTA and processed for light and electron microscopy after NADPH-d or NOS staining in frozen and vibratome sections respectively. One human cochlea was available for light microscope examination of NADPH-d or bNOS stained sections. Light microscope results revealed that type I neurons and nerve fibers of the spiral ganglion cells were labeled by bNOS immunohistochemistry as well as NADPH-d histochemistry in both guinea pig and human cochleae. At subcellular level, NADPH-d reaction product was localized in the mitochondria of the neuronal cytoplasm and axoplasm and in the cytoplasm of the vascular endothelium. The immunoreaction products of bNOS were evenly distributed in the neuronal cytoplasm and axoplasm. Myelinated and unmyelinated fibers in the intraganglionic spiral bundle and the inner spiral and inner radial fibers below the inner hair cells were labeled for bNOS. The nerve endings below the outer hair cells were not stained. NOS immunoreaction product was also found in the outer hair cells, Schwann cells of myelinated nerve fibers, Deiter's cells, pillar cells and the tympanic lamina cells. No difference was found in the staining pattern of both NADPH-d and NOS reaction products between human and guinea pig cochleae at the light microscope level. The results suggest that NO plays an important role in the maintenance of auditory function in the mammal.|
|Source Title:||Journal of Brain Research|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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