Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/130474
Title: Small planar UWB antennas in proximity of human head
Authors: Chen, Z.N. 
Cai, A.
See, T.S.P.
Chia, M.Y.W.
Keywords: Human body proximity effect
Planar antenna
Pulse radiation
Ultra-wideband (UWB)
UWB antenna
Wearable wireless devices
Issue Date: 2005
Source: Chen, Z.N., Cai, A., See, T.S.P., Chia, M.Y.W. (2005). Small planar UWB antennas in proximity of human head. ICU 2005: 2005 IEEE International Conference on Ultra-Wideband, Conference Proceedings 2005 : 286-289. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: The effects of a human head on the performance of a small planar ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna in proximity of the head are investigated. A numerical head model developed by REMCOM is used in the XFDTD software package in the study, where the frequency-dependent dielectric constant and conductivity are obtained from the average data of anatomical human heads. A planar antenna printed on a PCB is designed to cover the broad impedance bandwidth of 3.2 GHz - 12 GHz. The impedance and radiation performance of the planar antenna is examined when the antenna is placed very close to the human head. The study has shown that the effect of the human head on the impedance performance of the antenna is slight. The radiated field distribution and gain of the antenna have shown that the human head significantly blocks the radiation from the antenna so that the radiation patterns are directional in the horizontal plane and the average gain greatly decreases. This information will be helpful to the engineers who are applying UWB devices around/above human heads.
Source Title: ICU 2005: 2005 IEEE International Conference on Ultra-Wideband, Conference Proceedings
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/130474
ISBN: 078039397X
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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