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Title: Radiolabelling of egg meals for gastric emptying studies: A comparison of 99mTc sulfur and 99mTc stannous colloids
Authors: Shuter, B. 
Ng, S.-M.
Keywords: Colloid
Egg white
Solid binding
Issue Date: Apr-2005
Citation: Shuter, B., Ng, S.-M. (2005-04). Radiolabelling of egg meals for gastric emptying studies: A comparison of 99mTc sulfur and 99mTc stannous colloids. Nuclear Medicine Communications 26 (4) : 369-374. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Objectives: To establish whether 99mTc stannous (Tc-Sn) colloid is a suitable alternative to 99mTc sulfur (Tc-S) colloid for gastrointestinal studies, we compared the per cent binding to egg solids (%BS) and radiochemical purity (RCP) of both colloids in digesting media. Methods: Egg white and yolk containing colloids were cooked separately and mashed. Samples of 4-5 g were digested over 2-3 h (37°C) in excess simulated gastric juice (SGJ: 15 ml of 0.1 M HCl and 0.5 g·l-1 pepsin) or water, centrifuged, imaged with a gamma camera and the %BS computed. RCP was determined in aspirates taken from these preparations and from solutions of colloid added directly to SGJ. Results: The %BS in egg white after 3 h in SGJ for both colloids were similar: Tc-Sn, 62 ± 8 (n = 12); Tc-S, 61 ± 6 (n = 8), but markedly lower than 95% (the often quoted literature value). Egg yolk was digested more rapidly than egg white: %BS after 2 h in SGJ for Tc-Sn colloid was 55 ± 10 (n = 5) in the yolk, compared to 77 ± 4 (n = 5) in the white (P94% over 3 h but for Tc-Sn colloid was as low as 14%. For egg white, the RCP in SGJ was 91-96% for Tc-S and 80-91% for Tc-Sn. For egg yolk the RCPs in SGJ were similar for both colloids (>90%). The RCP in water digesting egg white or yolk containing either colloid was always lower than in the corresponding SGJ aspirates, indicating a leakage of small amounts of non-colloidal 99mTc. Conclusions: Although 99mTc-Sn almost completely dissociates in SGJ, once cooked in egg it is digested similarly to 99mTc-S. Variations in the size of digesting egg fragments and in SGJ composition can reconcile the lower %BS values obtained with previously reported higher results. 99mTc-Sn colloid cooked in egg appears suitable for gastrointestinal studies. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Source Title: Nuclear Medicine Communications
ISSN: 01433636
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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