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|Title:||Dobutamine stress echocardiography in the elderly Asian patients|
|Citation:||Yeo, T.C.,Ng, W.L.,Ling, L.H.,Chai, P.,Yeoh, J.K.,Choo, M.H.H. (1997-03). Dobutamine stress echocardiography in the elderly Asian patients. Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore 26 (2) : 165-167. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is an established non-invasive technique for the evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD). It has been shown to be both safe and accurate. However, its utility and safety in the elderly, in particular, elderly Asian patients has not been studied. Between September 1992 and December 1994, we performed a total of 75 consecutive DSE studies in patients over the age of 65. Of these, 50 (67%) were females. Forty-nine patients had hypertension, 26 had diabetes mellitus, 10 were smokers, 5 had a recent or previous myocardial infarction and another 4 had a history of heart failure. Indications for DSE were, inability to perform the standard treadmill exercise test (40 patients), an abnormal resting electrocardiogram (ECG) (14 patients), a prior false positive or inconclusive treadmill test, risk stratification post myocardial infarction (4 patients) or preoperative cardiac evaluation (23 patients). The test was terminated in the majority of patients following attainment of the target heart rate. Atropine stimulation was required in 61 (81%) patients. Chest pain was provoked in 11 patients. No death or myocardial infarction occurred. Minor non-cardiac symptoms occurred in another 6 patients but this did not necessitate termination of the procedure. Three patients had transient hypotension, none of which was symptomatic. Arrhythmia occurred in 23 patients but the majority were isolated atrial or ventricular premature beats (20); 1 patient had atrial fibrillation and another developed transient junctional rhythm. Only one patient developed ventricular tachycardia but this was not haemodynamically significant and terminated easily with an intravenous dose of lignocaine. A conclusive result could be obtained in 72 (96%) patients. We concluded that DSE could be performed and interpreted in the majority of elderly Asian patients studied. Despite supplemental atropine, an aggressive dosing protocol and the inclusion of patients with a myocardial scar or history of heart failure, adverse effects were rare and often did not require any specific therapy.|
|Source Title:||Annals of the Academy of Medicine Singapore|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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