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Title: Precision of fit between implant impression coping and implant replica pairs for three implant systems
Authors: Nicoll, R.J. 
Sun, A.
Haney, S.
Turkyilmaz, I.
Issue Date: Jan-2013
Citation: Nicoll, R.J., Sun, A., Haney, S., Turkyilmaz, I. (2013-01). Precision of fit between implant impression coping and implant replica pairs for three implant systems. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry 109 (1) : 37-43. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Statement of problem: The fabrication of an accurately fitting implant-supported fixed prosthesis requires multiple steps, the first of which is assembling the impression coping on the implant. An imprecise fit of the impression coping on the implant will cause errors that will be magnified in subsequent steps of prosthesis fabrication. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to characterize the 3-dimensional (3D) precision of fit between impression coping and implant replica pairs for 3 implant systems. The selected implant systems represent the 3 main joint types used in implant dentistry: external hexagonal, internal trilobe, and internal conical. Material and methods: Ten impression copings and 10 implant replicas from each of the 3 systems, B (Brånemark System), R (NobelReplace Select), and A (NobelActive) were paired. A standardized aluminum test body was luted to each impression coping, and the corresponding implant replica was embedded in a stone base. A coordinate measuring machine was used to quantify the maximum range of displacement in a vertical direction as a function of the tightening force applied to the guide pin. Maximum angular displacement in a horizontal plane was measured as a function of manual clockwise or counterclockwise rotation. Vertical and rotational positioning was analyzed by using 1-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The Fisher protected least significant difference (PLSD) multiple comparisons test of the means was applied when the F-test in the ANOVA was significant (α=.05). Results: The mean and standard deviation for change in the vertical positioning of impression copings was 4.3 ±2.1 μm for implant system B, 2.8 ±4.2 μm for implant system R, and 20.6 ±8.8 μm for implant system A. The mean and standard deviation for rotational positioning was 3.21 ±0.98 degrees for system B, 2.58 ±1.03 degrees for system R, and 5.30 ±0.79 degrees for system A. The P-value for vertical positioning between groups A and B and between groups A and R was
Source Title: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
ISSN: 00223913
DOI: 10.1016/S0022-3913(13)60008-6
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