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Title: Anti-Müllerian hormone versus antral follicle count for defining the starting dose of FSH
Authors: Lan, V.T.N.
Linh, N.K.
Tuong, H.M.
Wong, P.C. 
Howles, C.M.
Keywords: Anti-Müllerian hormone
Antral follicle count
Assisted reproduction technology
Ovarian stimulation
Randomized study
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Citation: Lan, V.T.N., Linh, N.K., Tuong, H.M., Wong, P.C., Howles, C.M. (2013-10). Anti-Müllerian hormone versus antral follicle count for defining the starting dose of FSH. Reproductive BioMedicine Online 27 (4) : 390-399. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This pilot study compared the efficacy and safety of two simple dosing algorithms, one based on anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) and the other on the antral follicle count (AFC), to determine the starting dose of recombinant FSH (rFSH) for ovarian stimulation in 348 women. Patients were randomized to a predefined AMH-or AFC-based algorithm. The proportion of cycles with the desired response was similar when rFSH dose was determined using AMH or AFC (35.2% versus 28.4%). There was a significant difference between the groups in the proportion of cycles with a hyperresponse (8.6% and 17.4%, but the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome was similar (1.1% and 4.6%). There were no significant differences between two groups in outcomes, including implantation (19.3% versus 19.0%), clinical pregnancy (38.0% versus 46.9%), multiple pregnancy (16.5% versus 15.2%) and miscarriage (7.0% versus 8.3%). However, statistically significant differences in ovarian response were evident among the AMH and AFC subgroups: for AMH, Desired and Hypo; for AFC, Hypo and Hyper. This pilot study provides information for developing protocols to further validate the use of either AMH or AFC to guide the starting dose of rFSH in ovarian stimulation. © 2013, Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Reproductive BioMedicine Online
ISSN: 14726483
DOI: 10.1016/j.rbmo.2013.07.008
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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