Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.11.128
Title: Adverse impact of chronic subpulmonary left ventricular pacing on systemic right ventricular function in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries
Authors: Yeo, W.T. 
Jarman, J.W.E.
Li, W.
Gatzoulis, M.A.
Wong, T.
Keywords: Cardiac pacing
Cardiac resynchronization
Congenital heart disease
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2014
Source: Yeo, W.T., Jarman, J.W.E., Li, W., Gatzoulis, M.A., Wong, T. (2014-02-01). Adverse impact of chronic subpulmonary left ventricular pacing on systemic right ventricular function in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. International Journal of Cardiology 171 (2) : 184-191. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.11.128
Abstract: Background Patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) are at high risk of heart block requiring subpulmonary left ventricular (LV) pacing. Long-term right ventricular (RV) pacing in congenitally normal hearts is associated with LV dysfunction. We examined the effects of univentricular subpulmonary LV pacing on the systemic RV in a ccTGA cohort. Methods ccTGA patients with two echocardiographic studies at least 6 months apart were included. Records of 52 patients, 22 with pacing, were retrospectively reviewed. Seven patients with biventricular pacing were included for comparison. Results The LV-Paced Group experienced deterioration in the RV fractional area change (RVFAC) (28.7 ± 10.0 vs. 21.9 ± 9.1%; P = 0.003), systemic atrioventricular valve regurgitation (P = 0.019) and RV dilatation (end-diastolic area 32.7 ± 8.7 vs. 37.2 ± 9.0 cm 2; P = 0.004). There was a corresponding deterioration in NYHA class (P = 0.013). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that pacing was an independent predictor of deteriorating RV function and RV dilation (hazard ratio 2.7(10-7.0) and 4.7(1.1-20.6) respectively). None of these parameters changed significantly in the Un-paced Group. The CRT Group showed improvement in RVFAC (22.0% to 30.7% (P = 0.030) and NYHA class (P = 0.030), despite having lower baseline RVFAC (22.0 ± 5.7 vs. 31 ± 9.7%; P = 0.025) and greater dyssynchrony (RV total isovolumic time 13.4 ± 2.1 vs. 9.3 ± 4.2 s/min; P = 0.016) when compared to the Un-Paced Group. Conclusions Univentricular subpulmonary LV pacing in patients with ccTGA predicted deterioration in RV function and RV dilatation over time associated with deteriorating NYHA class. Alternative primary pacing strategies such as biventricular pacing may need consideration in this vulnerable group already highly prone to mortality from systemic RV failure. © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Source Title: International Journal of Cardiology
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/126783
ISSN: 01675273
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2013.11.128
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