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|Title:||Nationwide improvement of door-to-balloon times in patients with acute st-segment elevation myocardial infarction requiring primary percutaneous coronary intervention with out-of-hospital 12-lead ecg recording and transmission|
|Authors:||Ong, M.E.H. |
|Source:||Ong, M.E.H., Wong, A.S.L., Seet, C.M., Teo, S.G., Lim, B.L., Ong, P.J.L., Lai, S.M., Ong, S.H., Lee, F.C.Y., Chan, K.P., Anantharaman, V., Chua, T.S.J., Pek, P.P., Li, H. (2013-03). Nationwide improvement of door-to-balloon times in patients with acute st-segment elevation myocardial infarction requiring primary percutaneous coronary intervention with out-of-hospital 12-lead ecg recording and transmission. Annals of Emergency Medicine 61 (3) : 339-347. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.08.020|
|Abstract:||Study objective: Reducing door-to-balloon times for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients has been shown to improve long-term survival. We aim to reduce door-to-balloon time for STEMI patients requiring primary percutaneous coronary intervention by adoption of out-of-hospital 12-lead ECG transmission by Singapore's national ambulance service. Methods: This was a nationwide, before-after study of STEMI patients who presented to the emergency departments (ED) and required percutaneous coronary intervention. In the before phase, chest pain patients received 12-lead ECGs in the ED. In the after phase, 12-lead ECGs were performed by ambulance crews and transmitted from the field to the ED. Patients whose ECG showed greater than or equal to 2 mm ST-segment elevation in anterior or greater than or equal to 1 mm ST-segment elevation in inferior leads for 2 or more contiguous leads and symptom onset of less than 12 hours' duration were eligible for percutaneous coronary intervention activation before arrival. Results: ECGs (2,653) were transmitted by the ambulance service; 180 (7%) were suspected STEMI. One hundred twenty-seven patients from the before and 156 from the after phase met inclusion criteria for analysis. Median door-to-balloon time was 75 minutes in the before and 51 minutes in the after phase (median difference23 minutes; 95% confidence interval 18 to 27 minutes). Median door-to-balloon times were significantly reduced regardless of presentation hours. Overall, there was significant reduction in door-toactivation, door-to-ECG, and door-to- cardiovascular laboratory times. No significant difference was found pertaining to adverse events. Conclusion: This study describes a nationwide implementation of out-of-hospital ECG transmission resulting in reduced door-to-balloon times, regardless of presentation hours. Out-of-hospital ECG transmission should be adopted as best practice for management of chest pain. Copyright © 2012 by the American College of Emergency Physicians.|
|Source Title:||Annals of Emergency Medicine|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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