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Title: Synaptic remodeling in the nucleus ambiguus following vagal-hypoglossal nerve anastomosis in the cat
Authors: Lan, C.-T.
Hsu, J.-C.
Tseng, C.-Y.
Chang, C.-N.
Ling, E.-A. 
Keywords: Development and regeneration
Electron microscopy
Nerve cross-anastomosis
Issue Date: 2-Jul-2004
Citation: Lan, C.-T., Hsu, J.-C., Tseng, C.-Y., Chang, C.-N., Ling, E.-A. (2004-07-02). Synaptic remodeling in the nucleus ambiguus following vagal-hypoglossal nerve anastomosis in the cat. Brain Research 1013 (1) : 60-73. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: We reported recently the occurrence of a massive and selective elimination of synaptic boutons on motoneurons in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) in the cat following vagal-hypoglossal nerve anastomosis (VHA) [J. Comp. Neurol. 458 (2003) 195]. This study was aimed to explore the synaptic reorganization in the other major nucleus associated with the vagus, namely, the nucleus ambiguus (NA) following the same treatment. In view of the tremendous difference in function, the NA and DMV are considered to be two ideal nuclei for explanatory studies seeking to elucidate how VHA could induce different plasticity of brainstem neurons influenced by the newly reestablished neural pathway. The present results showed that the vagal efferent neurons in the NA had responded to VHA in a different manner compared with those in the DMV. Firstly, the numbers of axon terminals containing round (R), round with dense-cored (R+D), pleomorphic (P) or flattened (F) synaptic vesicles contacting the NA motoneurons were markedly increased at 500-day postoperation, the longest reinnervation interval. The percent increases in the synapse frequency for R, R+D, P and F boutons were 8.6%, 274.4%, 238.3% and 400.0%, respectively. Secondly, the formation of astroglial ensheathment around the motoneurons in the DMV following VHA was not evident in the NA. Another striking difference was the extensive dendritic sprouting of the NA neurons as opposed to the dendritic retraction of the DMV neurons as shown by a significant increase in distal dendrites of NA motoneurons. The different modes of neural remodeling between NA and DMV may be attributed to the unique nature of the two nuclei to structures they normally supply and their different compatibility with the newly innervated target, viz. tongue skeletal musculature. © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Brain Research
ISSN: 00068993
DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2004.03.060
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