Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.1.021022
Title: Quantum Correlations in Mixed-State Metrology
Authors: Modi, K. 
Cable, H.
Williamson, M. 
Vedral, V. 
Keywords: Quantum Information
Quantum Physics
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Modi, K., Cable, H., Williamson, M., Vedral, V. (2011). Quantum Correlations in Mixed-State Metrology. Physical Review X 1 (2) : 1-9. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.1.021022
Abstract: We analyze the effects of quantum correlations, such as entanglement and discord, on the efficiency of phase estimation by studying four quantum circuits that can be readily implemented using NMR techniques. These circuits define a standard strategy of repeated single-qubit measurements, a classical strategy where only classical correlations are allowed, and two quantum strategies where nonclassical correlations are allowed. In addition to counting space (number of qubits) and time (number of gates) requirements, we introduce mixedness as a key constraint of the experiment.We compare the efficiency of the four strategies as a function of the mixedness parameter. We find that the quantum strategy gives ffiffiffiffi N p enhancement over the standard strategy for the same amount of mixedness. This result applies even for highly mixed states that have nonclassical correlations but no entanglement.
Source Title: Physical Review X
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/116547
ISSN: 21603308
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevX.1.021022
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