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Title: Induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis in cultured cells by the avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus
Authors: Liu, C.
Xu, H.Y.
Liu, D.X. 
Issue Date: 2001
Source: Liu, C., Xu, H.Y., Liu, D.X. (2001). Induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis in cultured cells by the avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus. Journal of Virology 75 (14) : 6402-6409. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) is the causative agent of chicken infectious bronchitis, an acute, highly contagious viral respiratory disease. Replication of IBV in Vero cells causes extensive cytopathic effects (CPE), leading to destruction of the entire monolayer and the death of infected cells. In this study, we investigated the cell death processes during acute IBV infection and the underlying mechanisms. The results show that both necrosis and apoptosis may contribute to the death of infected cells in lytic IBV infection. Caspase-dependent apoptosis, as characterized by chromosomal condensation, DNA fragmentation, caspase-3 activation, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase degradation, was detected in IBV-infected Vero cells. Addition of the general caspase inhibitor z-VAD-FMK to the culture media showed inhibition of the hallmarks of apoptosis and increase of the release of virus to the culture media at 16 h postinfection. However, neither the necrotic process nor the productive replication of IBV in Vero cells was severely affected by the inhibition of apoptosis. Screening of 11 IBV-encoded proteins suggested that a 58-kDa mature cleavage product could induce apoptotic changes in cells transiently expressing the protein. This study adds one more example to the growing list of animal viruses that induce apoptosis during their replication cycles.
Source Title: Journal of Virology
ISSN: 0022538X
DOI: 10.1128/JVI.75.14.6402-6409.2001
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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