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|Source:||Turner, B.S. (2006-03). Discipline. Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3) : 183-186. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1086/506083|
|Abstract:||There are broadly five interconnected meanings of the noun 'discipline'. Disciplinawere instructions to disciples, and hence a branch of instruction or department of knowledge. This religious context provided the modern educational notion of a 'body of knowledge', or a discipline such as sociology or economics. We can define discipline as a body of knowledge and knowledge for the body, because the training of the mind has inevitably involved a training of the body. Second, it signified a method of training or instruction in a body of knowledge. Discipline had an important military connection involving drill, practice in the use of weapons. Third, there is an ecclesiastical meaning referring to a system of rules by which order is maintained in a church. It included the use of penal methods to achieve obedience. To discipline is to chastise. Fourth, to discipline is to bring about obedience through various forms of punishment; it is a means of correction. Finally there is a rare use of the term to describe a medical regimen in which 'doctor's orders' brings about a discipline of the patient. In contemporary society, there is, following the work of Michel Foucault, the notion of increasing personal regulation resulting in a 'disciplinary society' or a society based upon carceral institutions. Copyright © 2006 Theory, Culture and Society.|
|Source Title:||Theory, Culture and Society|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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