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Title: Rho GTPases and Regulation of Cell Migration and Polarization in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells
Authors: Hou, A.
Toh, L.X.
Gan, K.H.
Lee, K.J.R.
Manser, E.
Tong, L. 
Issue Date: 10-Oct-2013
Citation: Hou, A., Toh, L.X., Gan, K.H., Lee, K.J.R., Manser, E., Tong, L. (2013-10-10). Rho GTPases and Regulation of Cell Migration and Polarization in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells. PLoS ONE 8 (10) : -. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Purpose:Epithelial cell migration is required for regeneration of tissues and can be defective in a number of ocular surface diseases. This study aimed to determine the expression pattern of Rho family small G-proteins in human corneal epithelial cells to test their requirement in directional cell migration.Methods:Rho family small G-protein expression was assessed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Dominant-inhibitory constructs encoding Rho proteins or Rho protein targeting small interfering RNA were transfected into human corneal epithelial large T antigen cells, and wound closure rate were evaluated by scratch wounding assay, and a complementary non-traumatic cell migration assay. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to study cell polarization and to assess Cdc42 downstream effector.Results:Cdc42, Chp, Rac1, RhoA, TC10 and TCL were expressed in human corneal epithelial cells. Among them, Cdc42 and TCL were found to significantly affect cell migration in monolayer scratch assays. These results were confirmed through the use of validated siRNAs directed to Cdc42 and TCL. Scramble siRNA transfected cells had high percentage of polarized cells than Cdc42 or TCL siRNA transfected cells at the wound edge. We showed that the Cdc42-specific effector p21-activated kinase 4 localized predominantly to cell-cell junctions in cell monolayers, but failed to translocate to the leading edge in Cdc42 siRNA transfected cells after monolayer wounding.Conclusion:Rho proteins expressed in cultured human corneal epithelial cells, and Cdc42, TCL facilitate two-dimensional cell migration in-vitro. Although silencing of Cdc42 and TCL did not noticeably affect the appearance of cell adhesions at the leading edge, the slower migration of these cells indicates both GTP-binding proteins play important roles in promoting cell movement of human corneal epithelial cells. © 2013 Hou et al.
Source Title: PLoS ONE
ISSN: 19326203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077107
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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