Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.2013.144
Title: Effect of chronic anti-glaucoma medications and trabeculectomy on tear osmolarity
Authors: Lee, S.-Y.
Wong, T.T.
Chua, J.
Boo, C.
Soh, Y.F.
Tong, L. 
Keywords: dry eye
glaucoma
human
tear osmolarity
trabeculectomy
Issue Date: 2013
Source: Lee, S.-Y., Wong, T.T., Chua, J., Boo, C., Soh, Y.F., Tong, L. (2013). Effect of chronic anti-glaucoma medications and trabeculectomy on tear osmolarity. Eye (Basingstoke) 27 (10) : 1142-1150. ScholarBank@NUS Repository. https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.2013.144
Abstract: PurposeTo evaluate the tear film osmolarity (TFO) and ocular surface clinical signs and symptoms in chronically medicated glaucoma patients and post-trabeculectomy patients.MethodsThis is a single-center, prospective case-controlled study. One-hundred and thirty eyes of 130 participants aged ≥45 years were included (49 normal controls, 50 glaucoma patients on chronic preserved anti-glaucoma medication ≥6 months, and 31 post-trabeculectomy patients not on medication ≥6 months). TFO, tear break-up time (TBUT), Schirmer's test I and dry eye symptoms were evaluated. Data from both groups of glaucoma patients were compared with age and sex-matched controls. Logistic regression was performed to calculate the odds ratios.ResultsMean TFO in the three groups were 301.4±7.7, 307.0±9.3, and 307.4±11.6 mOsm/l, respectively. Compared with normal controls, chronically medicated glaucoma patients and post-trabeculectomy patients were more likely to have a raised TFO, with odds ratios (95% CI) of 4.43 (1.74-11.32) and 2.76 (1.02-7.94), respectively. Both groups of glaucoma patients were also more likely to experience dry eye symptoms, with ORs of 4.72 (1.92-11.59) and 4.24 (1.54-11.72). There was no significant difference in TFO and symptoms between both groups of glaucoma patients, and in TBUT and Schirmer's test across all three groups.ConclusionsPatients on chronic topical anti-glaucoma medication and post-trabeculectomy patients were more likely to have raised TFO and dry eye symptoms, suggesting significant ocular surface disease. Glaucoma practitioners should be aware that dry eye symptoms and raised TFO may occur in the absence of TBUT and Schirmer's test abnormality. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Eye (Basingstoke)
URI: http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/110045
ISSN: 0950222X
DOI: 10.1038/eye.2013.144
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