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Title: A His6-SUMO-eXact tag for producing human prepro-Urocortin 2 in Escherichia coli for raising monoclonal antibodies
Authors: Liew, O.W. 
Ang, C.X.
Peh, Y.P.
Chong, P.C.J.
Ng, Y.X.
Hwang, L.-A.
Koh, X.Y.
Yip, Y.M.
Liu, W.
Richards, A.M.
Keywords: Affinity tag removal
EXact tag
His6 tag
Urocortin 2
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2014
Citation: Liew, O.W., Ang, C.X., Peh, Y.P., Chong, P.C.J., Ng, Y.X., Hwang, L.-A., Koh, X.Y., Yip, Y.M., Liu, W., Richards, A.M. (2014-01-31). A His6-SUMO-eXact tag for producing human prepro-Urocortin 2 in Escherichia coli for raising monoclonal antibodies. Journal of Immunological Methods 403 (1-2) : 37-51. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: This is a first report of recombinant production of human prepro-Urocortin 2 in Escherichia coli by N-terminal fusion with a triple His6-SUMO-eXact tag and its subsequent use as an antigen for the production and screening of very high affinity monoclonal antibodies. The rationale for this combinatorial construct is that the His tag allows first step protein purification of insoluble and soluble proteins, the SUMO tag enhances protein expression level and solubility, while the eXact tag facilitates anion-triggered on-column cleavage of the triple tag to recover pure native proteins in a simple two-step protein purification procedure. Compared with an eXact fusion alone, the presence of the SUMO moiety enhanced overall expression levels by 4 to 10 fold but not the solubility of the highly basic prepro-Urocortin 2. Insoluble SUMO-eXact-preproUCN2 was purified in milligram quantities by denaturing IMAC and solubilized in native phosphate buffer by on-column refolding or step-wise dialysis. Only a small fraction of this solubilized protein was able to bind onto the eXact™ affinity column and cleaved by NaF treatment. To test whether binding and cleavage failure was due to improperly refolded SUMO-eXact-preproUCN2 or to the presence of N- and C-terminal sequences flanking the eXact moiety, we created a SUMO-eXact-thioredoxin construct which was overexpressed mainly in the soluble form. This protein bound to and was cleaved efficiently on the eXact™ column to yield native thioredoxin. Solubilized SUMO-eXact-preproUCN2 was used successfully to generate two high affinity mouse monoclonal antibodies (KD~10-10 and 10-11M) specific to the pro-region of Urocortin 2. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Source Title: Journal of Immunological Methods
ISSN: 00221759
DOI: 10.1016/j.jim.2013.11.015
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