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|Title:||Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among healthcare staff in a large healthcare institution in Singapore|
|Source:||Leong, L.,Chia, S.E. (2012-08). Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among healthcare staff in a large healthcare institution in Singapore. Singapore Medical Journal 53 (8) : 517-521. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.|
|Abstract:||Introduction This study aimed to determine the prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors among health workers (HWs) and non-health workers (NHWs) in a large hospital in Singapore. Method s A cross-sectional prevalence survey of 3,384 hospital staff was conducted. The study comprised a selfadministered questionnaire, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements, and laboratory analysis of fasting blood samples of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides and plasma glucose. HWs were doctors and nurses, while NHWs were health administrators, facility staff, clerks and administrative personnel. Results A total of 3,384 out of 3,987 eligible staff (response rate 84.9%) participated in the survey. The majority of the participants were female (81%, n = 2,755), and 64% (n = 2,179) were 20-39 years old. HWs comprised almost two-thirds of the staff employed (61.3%, n = 2076), of whom 87.7% were female, while 72.5% of NHWs were female. Compared to HWs, NHWs had a higher adjusted (age, ethnic group and gender) prevalence of personal history of diabetes mellitus (adjusted prevalence rate ratio [PRR] 1.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-2.64), cigarette smoking (adjusted PRR 1.85, 95% CI 1.48-2.32), obesity (adjusted PRR 1.36, 95% CI 1.05-1.75) and elevated systolic pressure (adjusted PRR 1.74, 95% CI 1.31-2.31). Conc lusion The prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in NHWs is higher than that in HWs. Health promotion programmes should address this captive and neglected audience in healthcare organisations.|
|Source Title:||Singapore Medical Journal|
|Appears in Collections:||Staff Publications|
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