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Title: Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among healthcare staff in a large healthcare institution in Singapore
Authors: Leong, L.
Chia, S.E. 
Keywords: Cardiovascular disease
Health personnel
Mass screening
Risk factors
Issue Date: Aug-2012
Source: Leong, L.,Chia, S.E. (2012-08). Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among healthcare staff in a large healthcare institution in Singapore. Singapore Medical Journal 53 (8) : 517-521. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: Introduction This study aimed to determine the prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors among health workers (HWs) and non-health workers (NHWs) in a large hospital in Singapore. Method s A cross-sectional prevalence survey of 3,384 hospital staff was conducted. The study comprised a selfadministered questionnaire, body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements, and laboratory analysis of fasting blood samples of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides and plasma glucose. HWs were doctors and nurses, while NHWs were health administrators, facility staff, clerks and administrative personnel. Results A total of 3,384 out of 3,987 eligible staff (response rate 84.9%) participated in the survey. The majority of the participants were female (81%, n = 2,755), and 64% (n = 2,179) were 20-39 years old. HWs comprised almost two-thirds of the staff employed (61.3%, n = 2076), of whom 87.7% were female, while 72.5% of NHWs were female. Compared to HWs, NHWs had a higher adjusted (age, ethnic group and gender) prevalence of personal history of diabetes mellitus (adjusted prevalence rate ratio [PRR] 1.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-2.64), cigarette smoking (adjusted PRR 1.85, 95% CI 1.48-2.32), obesity (adjusted PRR 1.36, 95% CI 1.05-1.75) and elevated systolic pressure (adjusted PRR 1.74, 95% CI 1.31-2.31). Conc lusion The prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in NHWs is higher than that in HWs. Health promotion programmes should address this captive and neglected audience in healthcare organisations.
Source Title: Singapore Medical Journal
ISSN: 00375675
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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