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Title: An autologous cell lysate extract from human embryonic stem cell (hESC) derived osteoblasts can enhance osteogenesis of hESC
Authors: Heng, B.C.
Toh, W.S. 
Pereira, B.P.
Tan, B.L.
Fu, X.
Liu, H.
Lu, K.
Yeo, J.F.
Cao, T.
Keywords: Autologous
Embryonic stem cells
Issue Date: Jun-2008
Source: Heng, B.C., Toh, W.S., Pereira, B.P., Tan, B.L., Fu, X., Liu, H., Lu, K., Yeo, J.F., Cao, T. (2008-06). An autologous cell lysate extract from human embryonic stem cell (hESC) derived osteoblasts can enhance osteogenesis of hESC. Tissue and Cell 40 (3) : 219-228. ScholarBank@NUS Repository.
Abstract: It was recently demonstrated that osteogenesis of hESC was more efficient without the initial embryoid body formation step. This study sought to further improve this direct differentiation culture system, by developing an autologous osteogenic-inducing culture supplement extracted from hESC-derived osteogenic cells themselves. A whole cell lysate was prepared from hESC-derived osteogenic cells, simply by exposure to deionized water followed by free-thawing and subsequent filtration. The product was used to coat the surface of cell culture dishes together with gelatin, prior to culture of hESC under osteogenic-inducing conditions. The results showed that the autologous cell lysate extract promoted the aggregation and clustering of cells to form nodule-like structures. Immunohistochemical staining on day 9 demonstrated that these cellular aggregates strongly expressed STRO-1, while on day 14 the nodule-like structures stained positively for both osteocalcin and osteonectin (SPARC). By contrast, the negative control (gelatin coating alone) showed much less prominent cellular aggregation and clustering, and was stained much less intensely for these markers. Additionally, Von Kossa staining on day 14 was also more intense in the presence of the autologous cell lysate extract. Hence, this product can be used to further enhance the osteogenesis of hESC. This would save costs from the use of highly-expensive cytokines, growth factors and matrix components, as well as avoid pathogenic transmission from animal and human products. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source Title: Tissue and Cell
ISSN: 00408166
DOI: 10.1016/j.tice.2007.12.003
Appears in Collections:Staff Publications

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